Let us talk about material handling first. It is basically a field that involves the transportation, storage, and control of various products and goods during manufacturing, distribution, consumption, as well as the disposal of all related materials. The material handling sector concentrates on the techniques, mechanical machineries, systems, as well as other related controls that will help to obtain the necessary functions. This is a pretty simple explanation to those who are not part of this segment. However, it can also be explained in terms of conveyors.
Learning The Basics
The utilization of conveyors within the material handling industry started in the early 20th century. During this period, conveyors have become the foundation of material handling. They are best described as a piece of equipment that efficiently and effortlessly moves materials from one location to another. They are particularly useful when moving materials that are bulky and heavy. These systems also enable the easier transportation of a range of materials in different shapes and sizes so make sure that you will focus your efforts on the right kind of conveyors.
If a conveyor system starts within the concept stage, it aids in the development of a good recognition of the kind of conveyor needed for a specific product handling purpose. Here are a few things that you need to consider before creating a concept to make sure that you will focus your efforts on the right kind of conveyor. These factors include product dimensions, weight, throughput, and variability. The surrounding environment and power requirements should also be taken into account.
While the material handling industry is leaning more towards automation, conveyors are still required to help these processes. However, it is crucial for you to take into account the aforementioned factors so you can choose the best conveyors that are suitable for your needs.
Gravity Conveyor – it is commonly used in kitting or assembly areas, package sorting, and truck off loading. It is widely used in the industry because of its affordability. However, it also has its disadvantages, which include insufficient product control.
Belt Conveyor – It is typically utilized in handling packages, new materials, and small parts. It can also be used for incline or decline applications as well as elevation change. The best example of this type of conveyor can be found at the check out counter at your local grocery store.
Power Roller Conveyor – This type is further divided into three different categories. The live roller conveyor can be used in transporting products if accumulating them is not required. It is also helpful in package handling uses particularly those that are light to medium loads. The minimum pressure conveyor, which is sort parts of accumulation, product transportation of medium to light materials. The last one is the zero pressure conveyor, which is commonly used in distribution centers that handles materials in different weight and width.
Pallet Conveyor – This category is also separated into two types, which include the drag chain and the roller. The former is used for handling bulky loads in extremely low to high temperature locations. Meanwhile, the latter, which is also known as the roller pallet conveyor, is ideal for accumulation zones within pack out areas.
The other types of rollers are table top chain and magnetic slide conveyor.